Sri Venkateswara University Graduate/ Post Graduate SVU Degree Syllabus 2016

For Graduation and Post Graduation Sri Venkateswara University have announced syllabus under SUV Degree Courses Syllabus Notification. Who are preparing for SUV Degree courses can check Sri Venkateswara University Syllabus by our page from vatsnew.com where you can find related updates on it.

Sri Venkateswara University Syllabus

M.Sc., Geology Syllabus (Semester: I)

Crystallogralphy And Mineralogy

Unit : I

Elements of crystallography – Derivation of the 32 crystal classes, Hermann – Maugin symbols, Twinning in crystals, X – ray crystallography.

Unit:II

General principles of optics; Refringence – Biregringence, pleochroism, Extinctions and measurements of extinction angles, optical ellipsoids (a) Fresnel’s ellipsoid and (b) Fletchers indicatrix, optic axial angle and optic sign, Interference figures – Uniaxial and Biaxial figures, and optic anomalies.

Unit : III

physical and optical characters and paragenesis of the following mineral groups; Olivine, pyroxene, Amphibole, Mica Structure of silicates, Isomorphism and polymorphism , Structure, Chemistry

Unit: IV

Structure, chemistry, physical and optical characters and paragenesis of the following mineral groups; Aluminium silicates, Granet. and Epidote. Study of the following minerals: Beryl, Apatite, Sphene, Tourmaline, Talk and Spinel, Quartz, Feldspars, Feldspathoids,

 

Sedimentology

Unit : I

Introduction – Scope of Sedimentology. Processes of weathering – Surface processing and Rock weathering. Source of sediments.

Unit:II

Classification of Clastic and Non-clastic rocks, Clastic rocks – Rudaceous rocks, Arenaceous rocks, Argillaceous rocks Non-clastic rocks – Chemical deposits and Organic deposits. Dolomites and dolomitisation.

Unit : III

Sedimentary textures: Grain size, Grain shape and Grain fabric Sedimentary structures: Ripples, Dunes and Cross bedding, Graded beds and Sole structures.

Unit: IV

Classification of sedimentary environments. Non-marine environments-Glacial, Eolian, Lacustrine and Fluvial environemtns Marine: Shelf and Deep sea sediments.

 

Geomorphology

Unit : I

Volcanoes & Volcanism – Nature and Origin of volcanoes – Products of volcanism eruptive styles and associated land form. Volcanic Hazards and mitigation. Earthquakes and Earth’s Interior. Causes, occurrence and effects of Earthquakes. Earth’s interior according to seismic theory.

Unit: II

Mass wasting – Factors influencing mass wasting, types of mass movements – Recognizing and minimizing the effects of mass wasting. Plate tectonics – theory of plate tectonics – nature and origin of ocean floor, origin and shaping of continents

Unit : III

Geological action and resulting forms of Glaciers, wind and groundwater

Unit: IV

Geological action resulting landforms of River. Drainage patterns – Morphometric analysis and interpretations

M.Sc. Animal Biotechnology (Semester: I):

Structure And Functions Of Biomolecules

Unit – I:

Carbohydrates

–       (Lactose, Sucrose, Maltose) and polysaccharides (Glycogen, Cellulose, Chitin).

–       Physical and Chemical reactions of carbohydrates

–       Analysis of carbohydrates- Qualitative and Quantitative

–       Chemistry of carbohydrates – Definition and classification of carbohydrates.

–       Outlines of structures and properties of important mono- (Glucose & Fructose), di-

Unit – II

Amino acids and Proteins

–       Proteins and their classification, properties of proteins, determination of amino acid sequences (N and C terminus) Tertiary/quaternary structure of proteins (myoglobin/ hemoglobin model).

–       Structural organization of proteins – Outline structures and biological functions.

–       Protein folding and significance

–       Chemistry of amino acids and proteins – Classification of amino acids, Structures of amino acids, Chemical reactions of amino acids.

–       Peptide bond – Nature of peptide bond, pi/φ rotation. Ramachandran plot, Secondary structure predictions, helices and beta-sheets, Determination of primary structure

Unit – III:

Lipids

–       Phospholipids, glycolipids, cholesterol, prostaglandins, leukotrienes. Lipids as Signaling molecules.

–       Structure and functions of, heterocyclic molecules, porphyrins and vitamins.

–       Chemistry of lipids – Classification of lipids, Properties of lipids,

–       Outline structures of saturated and unsaturated fatty acids, fats and waxes

Unit – IV

Nucleic acids

–       Structure, variation and properties of DNA and RNA.

–       DNA denaturation and renaturation kinetics, Determination of DNA complexity, Hyperchromacity, Tm, cot curves and their significance

–       Chemistry of nucleic acids – Structure of purines and pyrimidines, modified bases nucleosides and nucleotides;

–       Properties of nitrogen bases and nucleotides

 

Analytical Tools And Techniques

Unit – I:

Cell and its components analysis

–       Concentration of macromolecules flash evaporation, lyophilization, pressure dialysis, reverse dialysis, hollow fiber membrane filters and reverse osmosis.

–       Microscopic studies (principles and applications): Light, compound, phase contrast, confocal and SEM

–       Isolation techniques – Cell disruption techniques – sonication, french press, enzymatic, non-enzymatic techniques.

–       Isolation of proteins – salting in/out, ammonium sulphate fractionation. Nucleic acids – polar solvents precipitation. Lipids – extraction by differential solubility

Unit – II

Separation techniques

–       Adsorption chromatography – principles, counter current distribution and its significance, Adsorption materials – paper, silica gel, cellulose acetate, affinity chromatography, merits and demerits –Instrumentation -TLC, GLC, HPLC.

–       Electrophoresis – principles governing the movement of charged molecules in the electric field. Relationship of voltage, current and the mobility of biomolecules. Matrices used in electrophoresis – starch, cellulose acetate, agarose, polyacrylamide. Use of PAGE for separation of proteins, molecular mass determination. Immunoelctrophoresis, Separation of nucleic acids using agarose gel electrophoresis. Blotting techniques – western, southern and northern blotting techniques.

–       Size- Filtration, Dialysis, principles and applications-molecular sieve chromatography principle. Determination of void volume, extension co-efficient and molecular mass of native molecules. Density- Centrifugation technique – density gradient – sucrose, cesium chloride, Determination of sedimentation co-efficient, Molecular mass.

–       Charge- Ion exchange chromatography – Matrices – Principles of separation of charged molecules. Chromatography separations

Unit – III:

Spectroscopy

–       Optical rotatory dispersion (ORD) and Circular Dichroism (CD)

–       X-ray diffraction and X-ray crystallography

–       Characterization of biomolecules by Spectroscopy – Electromagnetic spectrum of light, simple theory of absorption of light by molecules, Beer-Lambert law, Types of detectors.

–       UV-visible spectrophotometry, infrared Spectroscopy, Raman Spectroscopy, fluorescence Spectroscopy, flame photometry, atomic absorption, plasma emission, mass, ESR and NMR spectrophotometry.

Unit – IV

Radiobiology

–       Labeling of carbohydrates (C14 acetate), proteins (S35 methionine, I125 aminoacid) and nucleic acids (P32 dATP).

–       Biological uses of radioisotopes, Isotope dilution techniques, Safety measures in handling radio-isotopes

–       Radioisotope tracer techniques – Nature and types of radioactivity, half life, decay units, Preparation of labeled biological compounds,

–       Detection and measurement of radioactivity (GM counter, scintillation counter), quench correction, Autoradiography

 

Cell Biology And Genetics

Unit – I:

Cell and Cell membrane composition

–       Structure and function of lysosomes, peroxisomes,

–       Structure and function of mitochondria and chloroplast

–       Organization of prokaryotic and eukaryotic cell. Plasma membrance – Molecular organization, current model and function, Cytoskelaton – microtubules, cilia and flagella, Structure and function of cytoskeleton.

–       Structure and function of endoplasmic reticulum, golgi apparatus,

Unit – II

Nucleus and Chromosome organization

–       DNA-histone interactions – formation of chromatin fibers – Hetero/Eu chromatin – structural transition – Histone-H1-significance in regulation of expression.

–       Nucleus – structure and function of nuclear membrane, nucleolus.

–       Eukaryotic chromosome and its high resolution organization

–       Polytene and lamp brush chromosomes.

Unit – III:

Cell division and chromosomal variations

–       Chromosomal abnormalities – euploidy, haploidy – their fundamental and practical significance. Polypliody – induction – Aneuploidy – type and genetic significance.

–       Regulation of eukaryotic cell cycle – Over view of cell cycle. Mutation causing cell cycle control. Meiotic process – stages, chromosome pairing, chiasma formation

–       Mechanism of cell division – mitiotic apparatus, cytokinesis, chromosome movement – present concept

–       Molecular mechanisms of recombination, synaptonemal complex. Nondysjunction

–       Tumor biology – cell to cell interaction, cell adhesion, cell transformation mechanism and oncogenesis.

Unit – IV

Principles of genetics

–       Mutagenesis – Types of mutations, mutagens, Molecular mechanisms of mutations, Spontaneous, induced mutations, reversion, suppression, and analysis of mutants

–       Mendelian genetics, Linkage and gene mapping,

–       Quantitative genetics and problems, Hardy Weinberg Law, Sex chromosomes and sex determination. Inbreeding

–       Role of mutagenesis in evolution, chromosomal deletions, duplications, inversions.

 

Microbiology And Diseases

Unit – I:

Introduction to Microbiology

–       Isolation, cultivation and enumeration of microorganisms – direct and indirect methods, Maintenance of culture.

–       Outlines of characterization and identification of common bacteria, fungi, algae and protozoa.

–       Discovering the microbial world. Classification of micro organisms up to order level – bacteria, algae, fungi, protozoa.

–       Structure of prokaryotic and eukaryotic microorganisms. General and distinctive characteristics of the major groups of microorganism bacteria, mycoplasma, chalmidae, rickettsias, actinomycetes, fungi, algae, protozoa Prions and viruses.

Unit – II

Microbial nutrition, growth and regulation

–       Control of microorganisms – principles, physical and chemical agents, Assay of antimicrobial action. Batch and continuous sterilization of media and air. Viruses – nature, cultivation and assay methods, structure, physico-chemical properties, classification, pathogenicity, Replication of viruses.

–       Microbes of biotechnological importance – examples of bacteria, yeast, algae and viruses.

–       Nutritional requirements to microorganisms – Mode of nutrition – phototrophy, chemotrophy – methylotrophy organotrophy, mixotrophy, saprophytic, symbiotic and parasitic, Interaction of microbes.

–       Growth of microorganism (bacteria) – normal and biphasic growth curve, batch and continuous cultures, chemostats, shift up and shift down. Growth determination, Microbial metabolism – energy yielding and energy requiring processes.

Unit – III:

Microbial Genetics

–       Horizontal transfer of genome among the microbial community – transformation, conjugation transduction – generalized transduction, specialized transduction – cotransduction.

–       Benzer’s classical studies on II locus. Cistron complementation – Elucidation of colinearity between DNA and protein sequence. Genetics of viruses – bacteriophage, lambda, SV 40, retroviral genome (HIV), replication, lytic and lysogenic cascades.

–       Chemical nature of gene, Concept of gene, operon, mosaic genes/split genes.

–       Plasmids incompatibility. Classification: copy number, control and its significance. Structure and functions of insertion elements (IS) – transposable elements. Mechanism of transposition. Catabolic transposons and their significance.

Unit – IV

Diseases caused by microorganisms

–       Fungal diseases: Athlets foot, Dutch Elm disease, ergotism

–       Protozoa diseases (Protista): Malaria, Sleeping sickness, dysentery

–       And Plant Pathogens: TMV, Rust

–       Viral diseases: Flu, Hepatitis, Dengue fever

–       Bacterial diseases: Cholera, tuberculosis, anthrax,

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